The Yukon land claims and self-government agreements are rooted in the idea of putting decision-making power back into the hands of First Nations and their communities.Learn More →
The power to create and enact laws
First Nations with self-government agreements have law-making authority in many areas, including: governance, social and economic development, education, health, lands and more.
A First Nations’ laws operate in harmony with federal and provincial laws and may take priority if there is a conflict among laws.
Self Government Can Take Many Forms
All 11 First Nations with modern treaties have their own constitution. Prior to signing their Final and Self-Government Agreements, each First Nations adopted a Constitution that sets out how the First Nation will govern itself. A constitution is a central document on the First Nation's goals, vision, membership, and government structure.
Because communities have different cultures, history and goals, there is not a single model of self-government. Arrangements take many forms based on the different historical, cultural, political and economic circumstances of the First Nations governments and communities involved.